Preventing School-Related Gender-Based Violence in Katanga Province, DRC

2011 Producer/Author: C-Change, FHI 360

Summary

Communication and training materials were developed for an intervention to prevent and mitigate school-related, gender-based violence (SRGBV) in Katanga Province, DRC. The materials include codes of conduct, a life skills curriculum for students, and a training curriculum for teachers, comic books for SRGBV youth clubs, findings from qualitative and quantitative research that provided the evidence for the intervention, and translated and adapted versions of USAID’s Doorways I and III Safe Schools curricula. The intervention is being implemented in 31 schools and the communication and training materials were developed by FHI 360 under the USAID funded C-Change project.

The USAID C-Change project designed an intervention to change attitudes on school-related, gender-based violence (SRGBV) and prevent and mitigate its occurrence. C-Change worked with teachers, administrators, parents, and community members in Katanga Province to establish policies and structures to discourage SRGBV, including SRGBV youth clubs and SRGBV oversight committees that include parents.

The intervention is based on qualitative and quantitative research and translated and adapted versions of USAID’s Doorways I and Doorways III Safe Schools curricula for the DRC context. It aims to equip girls and boys ages 10–14 to resist, avoid, and report incidences of SRGBV and receive supportive services. At the same time, the intervention builds the ability of administrators, teachers, SRGBV focal persons in schools, and parents to identify and discourage SRGBV and intervene, if incidences occur. Healthy gender norms are also being promoted through a SRGBV comic book series for youth clubs and by community radio messages on children’s rights and positive discipline.

Radio Spots and Comic Book Episodes

Three 60-second radio spots have been developed by C-Change/DRC for the SRGBV program with input from the local Congolese implementing partner (Initiatives pour le Developpement Integral):

1. Rights of the child- A dialogue between two parents about providing the same access to education for both girls and boys.

2. Corporal Punishment- A dialogue between a mother and her son, who is in secondary school, on a teacher’s unjust punishment of a student.

3. Positive Discipline- A monologue by a school discipline officer who acknowledges that corporal punishment is unjust.

The radio spots and episodes build upon the same messages that were introduced in the Doorways Safe Schools curriculum and also reinforce the comic book series used by the afterschool youth clubs (the comic books developed to date cover the same 3 topics: Rights of the Child, Corporal Punishment and Positive Discipline).

The radio messages have been aired regularly since July 2011 (they continue to air today) in three districts of Katanga Province (Lubumbashi, Kasumbalesa and Likasi).

Radio broadcasts are in Swahili, the lingua franca of Katanga region, and reach a wide audience, in particular illiterate or non-French speaking members of the community.

C-Change Messages Incorporated in Widely Distributed Bleu Blanc Scholastic Magazine

C-Change/DRC has teamed up with Bleu Blanc Magazine to distribute anti-GBV and health messages to students in school. Bleu Blanc is a locally produced and self-funded publication, which is sold at minimal cost (700FC) through schools. At the request of the magazine, the USAID-funded C-Change project has provided the Carton Rouge methodology, the ‘Violence and Positive Discipline’ comic, questionnaire, and related GBV information for inclusion in the current edition.

This special Kinshasa edition (#25) was sold to 60,000 students, many of whom in turn will share it with school friends, with an estimated final readership of half a million individuals. In addition to the GBV cover story, the back cover of the magazine depicts one of the C-Change malaria prevention messages on insecticide-treated bed-net utilization.

C-Change/DRC is currently  in discussions with the magazine to include GBV messages in an additional editions and is looking into expanding distribution of the magazine to other regions of DRC.

SRGBV Reference Guide

The SRGBV Reference Guide is a visual chart with site-specific contact information for victims or witnesses of GBV to seek assistance. Poster-sized copies of the SRGBV Reference Guide have been laminated and posted in each classroom of each target school.
 
1. SRGBV Focal Teacher(s) for the target school. 
2. Psychosocial Counseling services available for victims of GBV
3. Medical services available for victims of GBV
4. Judicial Support services available for victims of GBV
 
Positive Discipline Poster
 
10 Steps/ Dix Mesures is a poster highlighting the benefits of enacting positive discipline in the classroom vs. the disadvantage of practicing negative discipline (e.g. corporal punishment).  Copies of the 10 Steps posters have been posted in each classroom of each target school.
 

Printed Materials for Students

The printed materials for students have been developed in French for use in the schools and afterschool youth clubs because French is the official language and the language of instruction in the DRC.

All of these files may be downloaded below. 

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